Institutions and Development

Christopher Udry
Rohini Pande
Publication Type: 
Books and Book Chapters
Book Title: 
Advances in Economics and Econometrics: Theory and Applications, Ninth World Congress
Book Editor: 
Richard Blundell, Whitney K. Newey and Torsten Persson
City of Publication: 
New York
Oxford University Press
Publication Year: 

A View from Below

In this paper we argue the case for greater exploitation of synergies between research on specific institutions based on micro-data and the big questions posed by the institutions and growth literature. To date, the macroeconomic literature on institutions and growth has largely relied on cross-country regression evidence. This has provided compelling evidence for a causal link between a cluster of `good' institutions and more rapid long run growth. However, an inability to disentangle the effects of specific institutional channels on growth or to understand the impact of institutional change on growth will limit further progress using a cross-country empirical strategy. We suggest two research programs based on micro-data that have significant potential. The first uses policy-induced variation in specific institutions within countries to understand how these institutions influence economic activity. The second exploits the fact that the incentives provided by a given institutional context often vary with individuals' economic and political status. Variations in how individuals' respond to the same institution can be used to both identify how institutions affect economic outcomes and to understand how institutional change arises in response to changing economic and demographic pressures.

Financial Institutions
Policy Evaluation